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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl975\margr2665\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2030\margrsxn5613\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw3575\colsr745\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 RESULTS OF THE GREEK CONTACT}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb11\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 209}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn975\margrsxn2665\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60  \pard\plain \sb209\sa0\fs2\par\sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn975\margrsxn2665\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw5645\colsr1904\colno2\colw1051 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 gupta Maurya, who is said to have wrested from his \expndtw5 adversary four important satrapies corresponding to \expndtw2 modern Baluchistan and southern Afghanistan. Neither \expndtw10 Megasthenes nor Kautilya bears out that there were \expndtw8 any Hellenic signs in the Maurya court. For the next \expndtw3 one hundred years India enjoyed immunity from Greek \expndtw2 incursions. In 206 B.C. Antiochos III appeared on her border-lands, but he, too, had to hurry back home after-receiving the homage of a prince named Sophagasenos (Subhagasena). The later expeditions of Demetrios, \expndtw6 Eukratides, and Menander, which covered with inter\-\expndtw-1 vals a period of about four decades \i (c. \i0 190-155 B.C.), \expndtw7 penetrated far into the interior of the country. These \expndtw4 were not wholly transitory raids, for in the Punjab and \expndtw9 adjacent territories they led to the establishment of \expndtw8 Greek rule, which lasted over a century and a half. It \expndtw9 is, however, surprising that traces of Hellenism are \expndtw7 even here very scanty.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi461\ri32\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 It appears that in the matter of coinage Indians \expndtw12 learnt much from the Greeks. Prior to their advent \expndtw9 rude punch-marked coins were current in India, but \expndtw6 they introduced the practice of using regular coins, \expndtw16 properly shaped and stamped. The Greek word \i\expndtw0 Drachma \i0 was even adopted by Indians as \i Drammal}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi468\ri29\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Further, the Greek language on coins is supposed \expndtw4 to indicate that it was understood in the Indo-Greek \expndtw1 dominions, but this view is not borne out by the evidence \expndtw7 available. The introduction of the Indian legends and \expndtw17 the use of the Kharosthi on coins would, on the \expndtw5 other hand, prove- that the masses in general did not \expndtw13 know the Greek language at all. That this was the \expndtw2 case is also clear from the fact that no Greek inscription has so far been discovered in India.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi443\ri40\sb4\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Turning to literature, it is alleged by St. Chrysostom \expndtw10 (A.D. 117) that "the poetry of Homer is sung by the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li281\fi0\ri389\sb173\sa0\sl-284\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  Is the Hindi word ^JT derived from the term \i Drammcrt \i0\expndtw-19 14}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb10969\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs9 Ji\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 .     JLAJ   \i MAf \i0 **   \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'84\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 *\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'bb\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 !&,}\par }